Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
Managing waste materials guidance - a number of different materials and how they can be dealt with, safely and legally.
This guidance is for staff who operate student halls of residence, residential schools, flats or other accommodation for those attending educational courses.
Read more about accommodation waste here >>>
This guidance is for businesses who deal with agricultural wastes. Your business will produce waste and you have a responsibility to ensure that you produce, store, transport and dispose of it without harming the environment. This is called your duty of care.
In the past, agricultural waste has not been covered by general waste controls. However, the same regulations that apply to commercial and industrial waste now also apply to agricultural waste.
Manure and slurry are not considered waste when used as a fertiliser on farms. There are, however, a range of environmental issues that you should be aware of.
Read more about agricultural waste here >>>
Anatomical waste includes:
Read our full guide on anatomical waste here >>>
The Animal By-Products Regulations are aimed at protecting human and animal health and the environment.
They contain rules for the collection, storage, handling, processing, use and disposal of animal by-products. They also control the marketing, export and transit of animal by-products and products derived from them.
If your business prepares or serves food in any way, then this guidance is for you.
Canteen wastes come from a wide variety of different businesses >> more information
You must not normally bury animal carcasses or parts of animal carcasses on your farm.
You may only bury animal carcasses in very limited circumstances: for emergency disease control or if you are located in areas designated as 'remote areas' in the Animal By-Products Regulations (ABPR).
In Northern Ireland, you may only bury animal carcasses if you have permission from the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA). Burial or burning of fallen stock is permitted in areas designated as ‘remote’. The ‘remote areas’ in Northern Ireland are Rathlin Island and Copeland Islands.
In Scotland, you can only bury animal carcasses:
Most of the Highlands and islands in Scotland are defined as 'remote areas'.
If you are authorised to bury carcasses, you must:
If you are authorised to bury carcasses and have complied with all conditions required in your authorisation, you will still need to ensure that:
The codes of good agricultural practice provide further information for burying carcasses.
This guidance is relevant if you need to dispose of dead animals.
There are different requirements for disposing of farmed animal carcasses and wild animal carcasses.
For further information read guidance Disposing of animal carcasses
This guidance is relevant if you have to burn dead animals on your land. For example, you may have an incinerator, or you may need to burn carcasses if there is a disease outbreak.
You may need a waste management licence or to register an exemption to reprocess clay off-cuts into usable material, either at your plant or at another site.
An exemption allows you to recover or dispose of waste at the place where it is produced. This is only if the waste was generated from an integral part of the production process.
You must register this exemption with your environmental regulator.
You must still ensure that your activity does not:
Clinical waste is the term used to describe waste produced from healthcare and similar activities that may pose a risk of infection.
This guidance is relevant if you offer collection services for your customers' waste such as take back schemes for batteries or WEEE
Any waste that is contaminated by cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines should be classed as cytotoxic and cytostatic waste.
What to do with materials and structures that demolition work might come across.
Waste dental amalgam includes:
What to do if you have a dead animal, for example a horse or a dog.
You must have a licence before you can deposit substances or articles in the sea:
Prevent ocean pollution, and manage your waste to maximise high quality recycling
Domestic type waste or mixed municipal waste from healthcare premises is similar to waste from domestic households.
If you dispose of dead fish or shellfish or animal waste from culling or on-site processing of fish or shellfish:
This guidance is for businesses that remove sewage and sewage sludge from cesspools, septic tanks and package treatment plants.
This guidance is relevant if you use batteries in your retail or wholesale business, and have to dispose of your own waste batteries.
Rocks and soil, tailings and other excavated materials
Pharmaceutical waste includes:
Waste tyres cannot be disposed of in landfill sites.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency has published a short guide to the duty of care responsibilities including advice and information for waste producers, carriers and those accepting, storing and treating waste.
Any person intending to alter the use or management of areas of uncultivated or semi-natural land must obtain prior approval from the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA).
Read more on the DAERA website
The NetRegs team at SEPA, in partnership with The Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales and a number of industry bodies have produced 9 new GPPs to replace out of date PPGs. More are coming! Check the available topics
New guidance for Start-ups, charities and community projects
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