Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
You must have the correct permissions in place before you burn waste. If you burn waste as a fuel or for disposal you may need a pollution prevention and control (PPC) permit or waste management licence from your environmental regulator. However, depending on the type and quantity of waste that you burn, and your method of burning, you may qualify for an exemption from waste management licensing.
Waste exemptions are for specific low risk waste activities and so have fewer controls placed on them compared with permits and licences. You may need to register waste exemptions with your environmental regulator.
If you have a waste exemption, you must comply with all of the exemption objectives. You must also ensure that your activity does not:
You may qualify for an exemption to burn certain plant tissue and untreated wood in the open if:
See the page in this guideline: Controls on burning waste in the open.
You may qualify for an exemption to burn certain plant tissue and untreated wood in an incinerator or a waste combustion plant that is exempt or excluded from the Waste Incineration Directive (WID) if:
This is a paragraph 29 exemption.
You may qualify for an exemption to burn certain waste as a fuel in a small appliance:
This is a paragraph 5 exemption.
There are some exclusions from the WID. See the page in this guideline on requirements of the Waste Incineration Directive.
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