Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
The Waste Incineration Directive (WID) is a European law which aims to prevent or limit the negative effects of waste incineration on the environment. If you burn solid or liquid waste then the WID is likely to apply to you.
The WID places strict conditions and minimum technical requirements on operators. If the WID applies to your plant you will need to have strict controls on your emissions.
The WID applies to the burning of waste in a technical unit. See the page in this guideline on controls on types of waste burning units.
If you burn waste that is subject to the WID, you must have a WID-compliant Part A pollution prevention and control (PPC) permit for your incinerator.
Your permit will list the types and quantities of waste that you are allowed to burn. It will also include operating conditions, emission limits and monitoring requirements. You must comply with the conditions of your permit.
The WID does not cover the following types of waste burning plant:
The WID does not apply if your installation burns only the following types of waste, either on their own or in combination with non-waste fuel:
You environmental regulator can give you guidance on whether your plant is an incineration plant or a co-incineration plant.
If you burn any other waste in combination with these excluded wastes, the WID will apply.
If you have an animal carcass incinerator you will require an authorisation issued under the Animal By-products Regulation.
Even if your plant, activity or waste is excluded from the WID it may still require a PPC permit, waste management licence or a registered waste exemption. See the pages in this guideline on permits for burning waste and exemptions for burning waste.
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