Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland

Producer compliance schemes

Packaging producer obligations - compliance schemes

What you must do

You must comply with packaging producer responsibility obligations if your business handles more than 50 tonnes of packaging in a calendar year and has a turnover of more than £2 million (based on the previous financial year).

You can either join a compliance scheme or follow the allocation method.

Join a compliance scheme

A registered packaging compliance scheme takes on your business' statutory recovery and recycling obligations by:

  • registering your business with the Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA) or the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA)
  • carrying out your recovery and recycling obligations
  • providing electronic packaging recovery notes (ePRNs) and packaging export recovery notes (ePERNs) to the NIEA or SEPA
  • reporting on compliance to the NIEA or SEPA.

ePRNs are issued electronically by accredited reprocessors who accept packaging waste and issue an evidence note stating how much packaging waste they have recovered or recycled.

ePERNs are issued electronically by accredited exporters when packaging waste is exported to approved reprocessors outside the UK.

Once you have registered with a compliance scheme, you must:

  • supply the scheme with relevant information, for example the amount of packaging you handle
  • pay a fee - this normally includes a reduced registration fee that the scheme pays to the NIEA or SEPA.

The Environment Agency provides a list of packaging compliance schemes for the UK through the National Packaging Waste Database (NPWD).

NPWD: Compliance schemes public register

If your main packaging activity is selling packaging or packaged goods, you must provide information to your customers about:

  • reusing, recovering and recycling packaging
  • the collection facilities available to them

Follow the allocation method

If you have a turnover of less than £5 million each year you can comply with your obligations by following the allocation method.

Instead of having to collect detailed information about the amount of packaging you handle, your recycling and recovery obligation is based on your turnover and the main packaging material you handle.

This is a voluntary method. If you choose to use the allocation method, you must follow it for at least three years.

If your turnover exceeds £5 million a year in this period you must stop using the allocation method and join a compliance scheme or follow the individual route to comply with your packaging waste obligations.

Calculate your own recycling and recovery obligations

For information on calculating your own recycling and recovery requirements, see the page in this guide on Packaging producer obligations - individual route

In this Guideline

What is packaging?

Obligations for packaging design and use -who do they apply to?

Packaging design and use - your responsibilities

Packaging design and use - exemptions

Packaging producer obligations - who do they apply to?

Producer compliance schemes

Packaging producers: Individual route

Reprocessing and export of packaging waste

Packaging: reduce, reuse and recycle

Packaging: environmental legislation

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NIEA - Apply online

SEPA - Application forms