Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
Genetic modification, also known as genetic engineering or recombinant-DNA technology, allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another and also between non-related species.
The products obtained from this technology are commonly called genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
A number of pieces of legislation control the use of this technology and cover:
EU legislation aims to ensure that human health and the environment are protected.
In Northern Ireland the Department of the Environment is responsible for the licensing of deliberate releases of GMOs into the environment. The Department of Agriculture and Rural development (DARD) is responsible for issues relating to the traceability and labelling of genetically modified animal feedstuffs.
In Scotland the GM Inspectorate and Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture (SASA) is responsible for ensuring compliance with the regulations governing the deliberate release into the environment of GMOs. Local authorities are responsible for the enforcement of traceability and labelling requirements and for sampling and testing food and feed for GMOs.
You can find out more about GMOs and the legislation that controls their use:
At present there are no commercially grown GM crops in either Scotland or Northern Ireland. A number of controlled trials of pharmaceuticals that use GM technology have taken place.
Waste materials from your laboratory may contain parts of animals and materials that are classed as animal by-products.
Animal by-products that have been used in research activities, or which could have been infected during experiments must be treated as Category 1 (high risk) animal by-products.
Category 1 material must be disposed of by:
You can find out about dealing with animal by-products in our guidance:
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