Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
Battery regulations apply to both single-use batteries (also known as primary batteries) and rechargeable batteries (known as secondary batteries or accumulators). A battery is defined as any source of electrical energy generated by direct conversion of chemical energy and consisting of one or more battery cells. However, batteries used for specific military purposes or in equipment designed to be sent into space are outside the scope of the regulations.
Batteries are divided into three categories:
Your business must comply with different requirements depending on the type of batteries it places on the market.
Portable batteries are batteries or battery packs that are:
Examples of portable batteries include:
For information on responsibilities for producers of portable batteries, see the page in this guide on Portable battery producer responsibilities.
For information on responsibilities for distributors of portable batteries, see the page in this guide on Portable battery distributor and retailer responsibilities
Industrial batteries are batteries or battery packs of any size that are:
Examples of industrial batteries include those designed for use:
Automotive batteries are used in vehicles such as cars, vans, lorries, buses and other types of road transport for starting the engine, and lighting.
The majority of automotive batteries are traditional 12-Volt lead-acid batteries that have been used in cars, vans or trucks for many decades. They do not include batteries used in car key fobs or power propulsion for electric vehicles. A hybrid vehicle, for example, is likely to have two batteries - an automotive battery for ignition and an industrial battery for propulsion.
For information on obligations that apply to producers of industrial and automotive batteries, see the page in this guide on Industrial and automotive battery producer responsibilities
Identifying different battery types
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