Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland

Categories of animal by-products

Categories of animal by-products

What you must do

Animal by-products are divided into three categories according to their potential risk to human and animal health. There are different rules for disposing of waste in each category.

All three categories of animal by-products must be kept separate at all times. If material from one category is mixed with material from another category, the whole mixture must be treated as being in the higher risk category.

Category 1 animal by-products

Category 1 is for very high risk material and includes:

  • animals and materials suspected or confirmed to be infected by transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), such as scrapie in sheep, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle
  • animals that have been experimented on
  • zoo and pet animal carcasses
  • wild animals suspected of having an infectious disease
  • catering waste from international transport, ie aircraft and ships
  • specified risk material (SRM), ie tissues from cattle, sheep or goats that might be infected with TSEs, or carcasses that have not had SRM removed
  • animal tissue collected when treating waste water from category 1 processing plants.

Category 2 animal by-products

Category 2 is for high risk material and includes:

  • animals that are slaughtered to prevent the spread of disease
  • manure and digestive tract content
  • animals and parts of animals which die by means other than slaughtering, eg fallen stock
  • animal tissue collected when treating waste water from category 2 processing plants.

Category 3 animal by-products

Category 3 is for low risk material and includes:

  • meat and fish from food manufacturers and retailers
  • former foodstuffs of animal origin, or containing products of animal origin - this includes food that is waste due to manufacturing or packaging defects
  • catering waste, other than catering waste from international transport
  • eggs and other by-products that do not show signs of infectious disease
  • milk
  • fish and other sea animals
  • shells
  • hooves, horns and feathers.

Further information

DAERA: Animal by-products guidance (Northern Ireland)

Scottish Government: Animal by-products

GOV.UK: International catering waste

Return to Animal By-Products landing page

Whats new on NetRegs

  • Waste – Duty of Care Roles and Responsibilities

    The Northern Ireland Environment Agency has published a short guide to the duty of care responsibilities including advice and information for waste producers, carriers and those accepting, storing and treating waste.

    https://www.daera-ni.gov.uk/publications/waste-duty-care-responsibilities

  • NetRegs:- FREE, ANONYMOUS, PLAIN ENGLISH GUIDANCE FOR BUSINESSES

  • EIA (Agriculture) Regulations for Northern Ireland

    Any person intending to alter the use or management of areas of uncultivated or semi-natural land must obtain prior approval from the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA).

    Read more on the DAERA website

  • Guidance from your environmental regulator

    Regulator logos

  • 9 NEW GPPs (Guidance for Pollution Prevention) available now

    The NetRegs team at SEPA, in partnership with The Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales and a number of industry bodies have produced 9 new GPPs to replace out of date PPGs. More are coming! Check the available topics

  • New guidance

    New guidance for Start-ups, charities and community projects

    http://www.netregs.org.uk/environmental-topics/environmental-management/first-steps-guidance-for-new-starts-projects-and-charities/

NetRegs on NetRegs on youTube

View our latest videos & subscribe to our channel.

NetRegs Update Newsletter

Free monthly email newsletter with environmental updates for Northern Ireland and Scotland

Sign up for free today!

Permits

NIEA - Apply online

SEPA - Application forms